Together as a dignified, peaceful and united people living in a sustainable, eco-friendly and safe environment under a values-oriented leadership, moving onward to mold a vibrant economy that is globally competitive and become a progressive trade center in the north.
As a humane community, Cabugao, Ilocos Sur shall become a progressive community of law-abiding, self-reliant and god-fearing citizenry. It shall evolve into a major economic hub of the Region through the implementation of vital economic reforms and the enhancement of socio-economic opportunities capable of transforming Cabugao as a very progressive town.
BRIEF HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
In the beginning, the place was only a wilderness, a thick forest where peaceful nomadic tribesman roamed and hunted. For fish, which were also abundant, there was a river. On these occasional visits, the hunters noticed the fertile and flatlands that can be tilled and they decided to stay. They were the first settlers.
As to how the name of the town evolved, there are interesting legends transmitted through generations.
Some claimed that during the pre-Hispanic regime, there were also numerous uncivilized warring tribes. Kabu Angaw, a man with a good sense of humor headed one such tribe. In an inter-tribal rivalry, Kabu Angaw suffered defeat forcing him and his remaining warriors to move southward until they reached the village where the friendly and hospitable nomads settled. Kabu Angaw's natural carefree manners and ability to relate entertaining stories endeared him to the settlers especially the young. His fairness and righteousness earned him respect and esteem, eventually making him as the village chieftain. His leadership became legendary so much that his people were referred to as " taga-Kabu Angaw". When he died, the villagers deeply mourned on such a great loss. On the other hand, some assert that the village by the river was ruled by a certain Aggao. When the Spaniards arrived, his subjects called him "Cabo Aggao" meaning chief. Finding difficulty in pronouncing the headman's name, the Spaniards contracted it to " Cabugao" denoting not only the ruler but also the place he ruled.
As time passed, Kabu Angaw or Cabogao was transformed into Cabugao.
Cabugao is 432 kilometers north of Manila, an 8-hour destination from the metropolis. It is accessible to almost all modes of land transportation and a 7-kilometer portion of the MacArthur Highway passes through the town center.
Its total land area is approximately 100 sq. km. It is the second northernmost town of the province of Ilocos Sur.
It is bounded on the north by Sinait; on the south by San Juan (formerly Lapog); on the east by Nueva Era, Ilocos Norte; and on the west by the South China Sea.
Cabugao is approximately 27 kms. from Vigan City, the capital of the province; 55 kms. from Laoag City (Ilocos Norte); and 180 kms. from the San Fernando City, La Union, the regional center.
People are primarily engaged in farming and fishing. Cabugao, with its big poblacion, is one of the most urbanized towns in the province. While it is true that many natives of the town have gone to greener pastures in other parts of the country and abroad, the number of migrants has been offset by the number of immigrants - Pangasinenses, Batangueniuos, Kapampangans and Maranaos who have come for trade and commerce and have stayed here for good.
People's organizations and non-government organizations are active in the municipality responding to the needs of the community.
The climate of Cabugao is arid, characterized by two (2) well-pronounced seasons; dry and wet. Dry season is usually experienced from November to April; while wet (rainy) season starts in May until October. Occasional rainfall also occurs at the onset of the dry season caused by the northeast monsoon passing through the region. The town is naturally shielded from the trade winds by the Cordillera Mountain Ranges. In the middle of May, drift winds from the Pacific Ocean sweep over the area, signaling the imminent wet season. Typhoons and tropical depressions bring about abundant rain during the months of July to September.
Temperature ranges from 21.6 Degrees Celius to 34.7 Degrees Celius or a minimum temperature of 23.9 Degrees Celius and a 31.9 Degrees Celius maximum. Relative humidity is 87.3.
Cabugao is bounded on the east by the Cordillera mountain range and has abundant spring resources that can be harnessed for adequate supply of water, not only for household use but for irrigation purposes, too.
The Cordillera mountain range stands stately on the eastern part of the town. Hills are located in all the four corners of the municipality. There is also the Salomague Island that stands majestically off Barangay Sabang. The three water resources of the municipality which supply safe drinking water to the poblacion and thirteen (13) other barangays are located within the Cordillera mountain range. The Cabugao River is the only big river that cuts across the town. Two big tributaries come from the eastern portion of the municipality. Sitio Caset in Maradodon and Gaco in Barangay Cacadiran.
The barangays that lie along the Cabugao River are flood prone areas during the rainy season. The uncontrollable surges of water erode the properties that line the Cabugao River endangering life and limb. The creek that runs thru the poblacion easily clogs up in rain causing portions near it to be inundated.
The people of Cabugao are deeply religious. Majority belongs to the Roman Catholic Church while a sizeable number belong to other religions such as the Iglesia Filipina Independiente, Iglesia ni Cristo, various Protestant groups, the Church of Jesus the Latter Day Saints, and Islam.
Cabugao has 26 public elementary schools, 2 private primary schools, 4 public high schools, 1 private high school, and 1 vocational school.
The first data on population of the Municipality of Cabugao, Ilocos Sur was recorded on March 2, 1903 reflecting 8,848 residents. This number steadily increased to 28,033 in May 1990 and 28,567 in September 1, 1995. The biggest increase was in December 31, 1918 with 3,754; in May 1, 1990 with 3,609; and in February 15, 1960 with 2,969. The lowest was 534 between May 1, 1990 and September 1, 1995 intersensal period. Likewise, let it be noted that as of CY 1995, Cabugao claims 5.32% of the 545,385 population of the Province of Ilocos Sur, 0.75% of Region I's 3,803,890; and 0.04% of the Philippines' 68,614,162 population.
Cabugao has 33 barangays - 4 in the poblacion area (Rizal, Quezon, Bonifacio, Baclig); 7 coastal barangays (Pug-os, Salapasap, Namruangan, Daclapan, Sabang, Salomague, Dardarat); while 7 others are around the vicinity of the poblacion (Turod, Turod Patac, Sagayaden, Pila, Cuancabal, Margaay, Bungro); and 15 others on the western part (Reppaac, Bato, Nagsantaan, Maradodon, Catucdaan, Caellayan, Alinaay, Sisim, Nagsincaoan, Cacadiran, Carusipan, Lipit, Arnap, Cuantacla, Aragan.